Female genital warts are one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases and surely a hot topic when it comes to women’s health. The culprit for contracting the disease is one of the many sub-types of the human papillomavirus that can be transmitted through sexual intercourse. Some subtypes of the virus are also associated with cervical cancer.
Usually, the virus is transferred from one person to another through sexual contact. Some subtypes of the virus may also be transmitted through contact with objects belonging to infected individuals. Although the virus is not fatal in itself, it does produce nasty and sometimes uncomfortable lesions and abnormal growth. They affect the genital area, the anus, and sometimes the mouth. However, the subtypes of the HPV tend to spread more to the genital tissues rather than the oral, thus causing genital warts.
In women, hpv warts can grow on the vaginal lips, the vaginal canal, the cervix, the uterus, and the anus. These can spread and expand, creating a wart that resembles a cauliflower. There are also instances where single warts can grow in certain areas of the genitalia.
Female Genital Warts and Pregnancy
Although genital warts look serious on the outside, they do not affect pregnancy. However, they may cause discomfort during urination as pregnancy causes the warts to flare up and bulge. At conception, prescription drugs that affect the fetus must be avoided: they are harmful for the developing baby. At childbirth, the warts may also cause difficulties during delivery. The warts inside the vagina may get too large to inhibit the passage of the fetus. The virus may also spread to the baby through the genitals or the throat.
The safest way to prevent genital warts is not to have sex at all. If abstaining from sex is out of the question, the safest way to prevent genital warts is to have sexual intercourse with only one partner who is not affected with the disease and has no sexual contact with other people. Another way to prevent virus infection is by being injected a vaccine designed to protect the body against it. Although the vaccine is not yet fully developed, it protects against at least 90 percent of genital warts-causing HPVs.
When infected with the disease, it is not recommended to take prescription drugs during the early stages of infection: the virus may disappear when they pass. However, it may also stay inside the body if the immune system is quite weak. HPV inside the body cannot be cured by medication, but it will eventually be flushed out by the body’s immune system.
The symptoms of genital warts can be cured though. Warts growth can be inhibited by taking prescription drugs while the warts themselves can be removed through surgery – laser, cryosurgery, or burning. When any of the symptoms of female genital warts appear, it is best to visit the doctor immediately, get diagnosed, and treated in a timely manner.