Warts on tongue are caused by HPV, which is the same virus causing warts to appear on mucocutaneous surfaces. The risk of infection is particularly high if there is an open wound in the mouth. In the oral cavity, the warts may develop in clusters or as single growths. Oftentimes, they are in the form of small blisters which can burst, spreading in the nearby area. HPV warts may develop over the tongue’s dorsal surface, but in most cases, they grow on the sides or the tip of the tongue. If warts develop on the sides, this can be dangerous. Warts burst easily due to movements of your tongue, and they are likely to spread more easily. Over time, warts on tongue can get encrusted, leaving scars behind.
Warts that occur on the tongue are generally highly contagious and grow fast, having a scaly texture to them. It is hard to miss tongue warts if they start growing in your mouth. There may be cold sores and lesions, which do not affect the tongue only. These cold sores and lesions may occur on the palate, lips, and throat as well.
Warts of this type may develop as single growths but when they occur in clusters, they will resemble the shape of a cauliflower. In addition, these warts can grow and resemble any of these three – thick skin patches, flattened outgrowth, and circular outgrowth. In general, tongue warts are not painful, but some people feel discomfort. This happens if the warts are exposed to trauma or are disturbed, often when eating. Cold sores are likely to appear due to a viral infection and are often a concurrent condition.
Symptoms associated with warts on tongue include pain and discomfort, but this is the result of irritation. Warts are not painful, with pain not being a consequence of this condition. However, the mouth’s overall condition and eating makes it close to impossible to experience no pain or discomfort when such warts develop.
If you examine the warts more closely, you may see certain areas of the tongue that appear raised. This can happen with the palate as well. Complications sometimes occur when tongue warts develop, with difficulty swallowing and bleeding being the main ones.
Finally, while some recommend home remedies for this type of warts (and remedies may prove effective), it is best to consult a doctor first.